Black Power (fl. 1966-1974) was a movement for change among Blacks in the US that largely took the place of the civil rights movement after 1968, when Martin Luther King, Jr was killed. By 1976, the FBI had all but destroyed its political wing.
The civil rights movement sought to achieve integration with Whites through non-violence. The way King achieved these undermined both:
- Non-violence: King used non-violent Black protesters to egg Whites into violence. That shamed the US before the world at the height of the Cold War, when it supposedly stood for freedom, democracy and equality. That led to laws like the Civil Rights Bill of 1964 and the Voting Rights Act of 1965, ending Jim Crow in the South.
- Integration: But such laws did little to change the more subtle racism in the North, while White violence persuaded many Blacks that Whites would never willingly accept them as equals.
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